The Harmandir Sahib (Punjabi: ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ), also Darbar Sahib (Punjabi: ਦਰਬਾਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ, Punjabi pronunciation: [dəɾbɑɾ sɑhɪb])(The abode of God), and informally called the “Golden Temple”, is the holiest Sikh gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, North India. The city was founded in 1574 by the fourth Sikh guru, Guru Ram Das and the Harmandir Sahib was designed by the fifth guru, Guru Arjan, who had the cornerstone laid by the Muslim Sufi saint Sai Hazrat Mian Mir on 28 December 1588. Guru Arjan completed the Adi Granth, the holy scripture of Sikhism, in 1604 and installed it in the gurdwara. The upper floors of the gurdwara are covered with gold, which gives it its distinctive appearance and its name – Golden Temple. The Harimandir Sahib is considered holy by Sikhs. The holiest text of Sikhism, the Guru Granth Sahib, is present inside the gurdwara during daytime and the holy book goes for Sukhasan during the night time and brought again in the next morning. The temple was mainly constructed to have a place of worship for men, women and children from all walks of life. There are four doors to get into the Harmandir Sahib, which symbolise the openness of the Sikhs towards all people and religions. On an average day, over 100,000 people visit the holy shrine and also partake in the free community kitchen and meal (called Langar) that is a hallmark of all Sikh Gurudwaras. The gurdwara is surrounded by the Sarovar, a large lake or holy tank, which consists of Amrit (“holy water” or “immortal nectar”) and is fed by the Ravi River.
Next to the temple is The Jallianwala Bagh, wellknown for the Amritsar massacre which took place on 13 April 1919 when a crowd of unarmed, nonviolent protesters, along with Baishakhi pilgrims were fired upon by troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer. More than 1,500 people were killed.
Not far from Amritsar is the Attari/Wagah (Punjabi (Gurmukhi): ਵਾਹਗਾ, Hindi: वाघा, Urdu: واہگہ) border which lies on the Grand Trunk Road between the cities of Amritsar, Punjab, India, and Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
The Harmandir Sahib (Punjabi: ਹਰਿਮੰਦਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ), also Darbar Sahib (Punjabi: ਦਰਬਾਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ, )(The abode of God), and informally called the “Golden Temple”, is the holiest Sikh gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, North India.