Gangtok, Sikkim, India. Gangtok is located in the eastern Himalayan range, at an elevation of 1,650 m (5,410 ft). Gangtok rose to prominence as a popular Buddhist pilgrimage site after the construction of the Enchey Monastery in 1840. In 1894, the ruling Sikkimese Chogyal, Thutob Namgyal, transferred the capital to Gangtok. In the early 20th century, Gangtok became a major stopover on the trade route between Lhasa in Tibet and cities such as Kolkata (then Calcutta) in British India. Today, Gangtok is an emerging as urbanized city with literacy rate of 94% of total population.
Pakyong Airport(PYG), a Greenfield project near Gangtok, was commissioned in 2018. It is the first and only airport in Sikkim. The nearest railhead connected to the rest of India is the station of New Jalpaiguri(NJP) in Siliguri, situated 124 km (77 mi) via NH10 away from Gangtok.
Rumtek Monastery, located on the outskirts of Gangtokone, is one of Buddhism’s holiest monasteries.
Nathu La (Devanagari नाथू ला; Tibetan: རྣ་ཐོས་ལ་, IAST: Nāthū Lā, Chinese: 乃堆拉山口; pinyin: Nǎiduīlā Shānkǒu) is a mountain pass in the Himalayas in East Sikkim district. It connects the Indian state of Sikkim with China’s Tibet Autonomous Region. The pass, at 4,310 m (14,140 ft) above mean sea level and forms a part of an offshoot of the ancient Silk Road. Nathu means “listening ears” and La means “pass” in Tibetan. On the Indian side, the pass is 54 km (34 mi) east of Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim. Only citizens of India can visit the pass, and then only after obtaining a permit in Gangtok.